Viser hvordan c-fibre fyrer av i både smertefull og ikke-smertefull nevropati. Jo mer spontan aktivitet c-fibrene har, jo mer smerte oppleves.
Polyneuropathy can be linked to chronic pain but also to reduced pain sensitivity. We investigated peripheral C-nociceptors in painful and painless polyneuropathy patients to identify pain-specific changes. Eleven polyneuropathy patients with persistent spontaneous pain and 8 polyneuropathy patients without spontaneous pain were investigated by routine clinical methods
The mean percentage of C-nociceptors being spontaneously active or mechanically sensitized was significantly higher in patients with pain (mean 40.5% and 14.6%, respectively, P=.02). The difference was mainly due to more spontaneously active mechanoinsensitive C-nociceptors (operationally defined by their mechanical insensitivity and their axonal characteristics) in the pain patients (19 of 56 vs 6 of 43; P=.02).
Hyperexcitability in mechanoinsensitive C-nociceptors was significantly higher in patients with polyneuropathy and pain compared to patients with polyneuropathy without pain, while the difference was much less prominent in mechanosensitive (polymodal) C-nociceptors. This hyperexcitability may be a major underlying mechanism for the pain experienced by patients with painful peripheral neuropathy.