En studie til som bekrefter at lav-grads betennelse gir hyperalgesi, altså økt smerteopplevelse.
Inflammation-induced pain amplification and hypersensitivity play a role in the pathophysiology of numerous clinical conditions. Experimental endotoxemia has recently been implemented as model to analyze immune-mediated processes in human pain. In this study, we aimed to analyze dose- and time-dependent effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on clinically-relevant pain models for musculoskeletal and neuropathic pain as well as the interaction among LPS-induced changes in inflammatory markers, pain sensitivity and negative affect.
In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, healthy male subjects received an intravenous injection of either a moderate dose of LPS (0.8ng/kg Escherichiacoli), low-dose LPS (0.4ng/kg), or saline (placebo control group). Pressure pain thresholds (PPT), mechanical pain sensitivity (MPS), and cold pain sensitivity (CP) were assessed before and 1, 3, and 6h post injection to assess time-dependent LPS effects on pain sensitivity. Plasma cytokines (TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10) and state anxiety were repeatedly measured before, and 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6h after injection of LPS or placebo.
LPS administration induced a systemic immune activation, reflected by significant increases in cytokine levels, body temperature, and negative mood with pronounced effects to the higher LPS dose. Significant decreases of PPTs were observed only 3h after injection of the moderate dose of LPS (0.8ng/kg). MPS and CP were not affected by LPS-induced immune activation. Correlation analyses revealed that decreased PPTs were associated with peak IL-6 increases and negative mood.
Our results revealed widespread increases in musculoskeletal pain sensitivity in response to a moderate dose of LPS (0.8ng/kg), which correlate both with changes in IL-6 and negative mood. These data extend and refine existing knowledge about immune mechanisms mediating hyperalgesia with implications for the pathophysiology of chronic pain and neuropsychiatric conditions.